# Distributive Property Worksheets & Activities

These distributive property worksheets and activities can simplify teaching the distributive property. Teaching the distributive property of multiplication can be quite challenging, but the concept is SO important for student as then begin more advance math concepts. As a third grade teacher, I often felt like my students weren’t quite developmentally ready for the distributive property. I introduced the distributive property in my multiplication unit, but I did not expect mastery until much later in the year. You can more about introducing multiplication here. As a fourth grade teacher, I see a need to revisit this complex topic. In fact, I carved out an entire week to focus on the distributive property before teaching my grade level multiplication standards. In this post, I’ve shared some of my favorite distributive property activities and lessons.

## Distributive Property-Hands-On Activity

I like to introduce the distributive property of multiplication through hands-on work with arrays, not with distributive property worksheets. I begin by having students use counters to build a traditional array. For example, students may create an array of 3×7. I try to avoid creating large arrays, because that has a tendency to take up a lot of time. Plus, the counters get a little messy, and it’s important for students to SEE the patterns and relationships in this activity. Then, I ask students to determine a way they could break apart the single array into two arrays.

Next, I model how to write an equation to represent how I broke apart the arrays into two groups. We spend time discussing how the total remains the same, regardless of how it was broken apart. Students continue to represent how to use the distributive property to solve multiplication problems with two color counters.

## Distributive Property-Matching

Another one of my favorite activities is a distributive property of multiplication matching lesson. I give students a huge collection of arrays, and students work in a group to match arrays with arrays that can be combined to have the same dimensions and product. For example, students may match 8×6 with (8×3) and (8×3). This helps students see how they can break larger multiplication problems into 2 or 3 smaller ones. I recommend printing each group’s arrays a different color. That way when they all fall to the floor, it’s easier to tell whose is whose. You can download the arrays for free here.

## Distributive Property Worksheets-Cut and Paste

In the following distributive property of multiplication lesson, students complete a cut and paste activity. I assign groups different multiplication problems, and students try to make as many arrays as possible to show how to use the distributive property to solve the problem. I have student use grid paper and large white construction paper for this lesson. As you can see, we’re still working on how to represent the distributive property  through an equation, but the concept is coming along nicely. You display these posters in the hallway as evidence of what we’re learning in class, as well as to allow other students to see the variety of models.